Agência americana EPA estabelece moratória para novos usos dos neonics

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Agência americana EPA estabelece moratória para novos usos dos neonics

Esta semana, as empresas produtoras de neonicotinoides nos EUA que tivessem pedidos de registro e liberação de novos usos desta classe de pesticida, receberam uma carta da Agência de Proteção ao Meio Ambiente dos EUA, a EPA , indicando que a agência não irá conceder novas autorizações de uso destes produtos, até que conclua o seu novo processo de registro.

A carta reiterou que a EPA demandou novos estudos relacionados  à saúde das abelhas, e que os mesmos serão utilizados na determinação dos novos parâmetros de avaliação dos agrotóxicos quanto ao Risco aos Polinizadores.

Esta medida indica uma grande preocupação daquele país em avaliar os efeitos dos neonicotinóides sobre o declínio dos polinizadores, que nos EUA vem atingindo taxas altíssimas de mortalidade anual. Também repercute a determinação do Presidente Barack Obama, de Junho de 2014, em estabelecer uma Força Tarefa para promover a saúde das abelhas e outros polinizadores.

A EPA sinalizou que esta moratória atinge apenas os pedidos para novos usos dos neonicotinoides, e que os produtos já autorizados e em uso neste momento não são afetados por esta medida.

Veja abaixo duas reportagens, retiradas do site da EPA e da agência de notícias NBC:

 

April 2015 Letter to Registrants Announcing New Process for Handling New Registrations of Neonicotinoids

Fonte: http://www2.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/april-2015-letter-registrants-announcing-new-process-handling-new

As part of EPA’s ongoing effort to protect pollinators, the Agency has sent letters to registrants of neonicotinoid pesticides with outdoor uses informing them that EPA will likely not be in a position to approve most applications for new uses of these chemicals until new bee data have been submitted and pollinator risk assessments are complete. The letters reiterate that the EPA has required new bee safety studies for its ongoing registration review process for the neonicotinoid pesticides, and that the Agency must complete its new pollinator risk assessments, which are based, in part, on the new data, before it will likely be able to make regulatory decisions on imidacloprid, clothianidin, thiamethoxam, and dinotefuran that would expand the current uses of these pesticides.

Read the letter that was sent to individual registrants of neonicotinoid pesticides with outdoor uses:

April 2015 Letter to Registrants Announcing New Process for Handling New Registrations of Neonicotinoids (PDF)(3 pp, 523 K)

 

EPA Restricts Use of Pesticides Suspected of Killing Bees

Fonte: http://www.nbcnews.com/science/environment/epa-calls-halt-use-pesticides-suspected-killing-bees-n334936

The EPA has issued a moratorium on use of a type of pesticide theorized to be responsible for plummeting bee populations. Neonicotinoids are a class of common pesticides that recent research has pointed to as being harmful to birds, bees and other animals. The EPA previously approved their use, but outcry over the damage being done has caused the agency to reverse course while more studies are done. On Thursday, the EPA sent letters to people and companies that have applied for outdoor use of the pesticide, saying that new use permits won’t be issued.

New uses of neonicotinoids will no long be approved “until the data on pollinator health have been received and appropriate risk assessments completed,” the EPA letter reads. Existing permits to use them, however, will not be rescinded — something wildlife and environmental advocacy groups are unhappy with.

 

“If EPA is unable to assess the safety of new uses, the agency similarly is not able to assess the safety of the close to 100 outdoor uses already approved,” said the Center for Food Safety’s Peter Jenkins in a statement criticizing the EPA’s actions. Other organizations of beekeepers, environmentalists, and farmers echoed the sentiment.

Though it isn’t calling an end to all uses of neonicotinoids, the EPA says in its letter that it is taking the problem seriously: “EPA considers the completion of the new pollinator risk assessments for these chemicals to be an agency priority.”

 

 

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